List the answer in front of each question below:
These are briefly discussed below. Nucleotides are also known as nitrogenous bases or DNA bases. Nitrogenous base are of two types, viz. Main features of pyrimidines are given below: Main features or purines are given below: Thus, in DNA there are four different types of nitrogenous bases, viz.
In RNA, the pyrimidine base thymine is replace by uracil. The purine and pyrimidine bases always pair in a definite fashion. Adenine will always pair with thymine and guanine with cytosine.
Adenine and thymine are joined by double hydrogen bonds while guanine and cytosine are joined by triple hydrogen bonds. However, these bonds are weak which help in separation of DNA strands during replication. This is a pentose sugar having five carbon atoms.
The four carbon atoms are inside the ring and the fifth one is with CH2 group. This has three OH groups on 1, 3 and 5 carbon positions. Hydrogen atoms are attached to carbon atoms one to four.
The phosphate molecule is arranged in an alternate manner to deoxyribose molecule. Thus there is deoxyribose on both sides of phosphate. The phosphate is joined with carbon atom 3 of deoxyribose at one side and with carbon atom 5 of deoxyribose on the other side.
A combination of deoxyribose sugar and nitrogenous base is known as nucleoside and a combination of nucleoside and phosphate is called nucleotide. Nucleosides differ from nucleotides in that they lack phosphate groups.
The DNA backbone is a polymer with an alternating sugar-phosphate sequence. Depending upon the nucleotide base per turn of the helix, pitch of the helix, tilt of the base pair and humidity of the sample, the DNA can be observed in four different forms namely, A, B, C and D.
Main features of B form of DNA are given below: This is the most common form of DNA. The coiling is in the right direction. The number of base is 10 per turn of helix. The pitch is 3. The sugar phosphate linkage is normal. The helix is narrower and more elongated than A form.
The major groove is wide which is easily accessible to proteins. The minor groove is narrow. The conformation is favored at high water concentrations. The base pairing is nearly perpendicular to helix axis. The number of bases is The pitch is 2.
The major groove is deep and narrow which is not easily accessible to proteins. The minor groove is wide and shallow which is accessible to proteins, but information content is lower than major groove. The helix is shorter and wider than B form. The conformation is favored at low water concentrations.
The base pairs are tilted to helix axis. The helix has left-handed coiling pattern.DNA polymerase is the enzyme that catalyzes the replication of DNA. Requirements of DNA polymerase: This enzyme needs the presence of DNA single stranded template for copying the complementary sequence in the strand that is going to be synthesized.
In Max Delbrück published "On the Replication of Desoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)" to question the semi-conservative DNA replication mechanism proposed that James Watson and Francis Crick had proposed in In his article published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Delbrück offers an alternative DNA replication mechanism, later called dispersive replication.
Working with Molecular Genetics Chapter 6, DNA Replication_2, Control element acts in cis, since the replicator and the replicon are on the same grupobittia.com contrast, the initiator is a protein that can be encoded on any chromosome in a cell. In conclusion, DNA replication is a three-stage process.
Unwinding, complementary base pairing and joining form the basis of the process of DNA replication. This process is crucial for ensuring continuous transmission of the genetic information through generations.
Explain what DNA polymerase is by breaking the word into its parts Holt McDougal Biology 6 common college application essay questions From DNA to Proteins Study Guide B Section 3: DNA Replication Use your knowledge of DNA replication to write a bumper sticker Write a short analogy to explain what replication is People sometimes like to display.
Dna Essays: Over , Dna Essays, Dna Term Papers, Dna Research Paper, Book Reports. ESSAYS, term and research papers available for UNLIMITED access. Log in. As you would probably expect, the complete process of DNA replication in human cells takes several hours.
To replicate such huge molecules as human DNA at this speed.