DuBois on Robert E.
Proclaiming a black nationalist "Back to Africa" message, Garvey and the UNIA established branches in thirty-eight states by the early s.
While chapters existed in the larger urban areas such as New York, Chicago, and Los Angeles, Garvey's message reached into small towns across the country as well. Garvey's philosophy and organization had a rich religious component that he blended with the political and economic aspects.
Considering the strong political and economic black nationalism of Garvey's movement, it may seem odd to include an essay on him in a Web site on religion in America. However, his philosophy and organization had a rich religious component that he blended with the political and economic aspects.
His organization took as its motto "One God! Ethiopia shall soon stretch forth her hands unto God.
Due to the economic hardship of his family, he left school at age fourteen and learned the printing and newspaper business.
He became interested in politics and soon got involved in projects aimed at helping those on the bottom of society. Unsatisfied with his work, he travelled to London in and stayed in England for two years.
During this time he paid close attention to the controversy between Ireland and England concerning Ireland's independence. He was also exposed to the ideas and writings of a group of black colonial writers that came together in London around the African Times and Orient Review.
Nationalism in both Ireland and Africa along with ideas such as race conservation undoubtedly had an impact on Garvey. However, he later remembered that the most influential experience of his stay in London was reading Booker T. Washington's autobiography Up From Slavery. Washington believed African Americans needed to improve themselves first, showing whites in America that they deserved equal rights.
Although politically involved behind the scenes, Washington repeatedly claimed that African Americans would not benefit from political activism and started an industrial training school in Alabama that embodied his own philosophy of self-help. Garvey did not make much headway in Jamaica and decided to visit America in order to meet Booker T.
Washington and learn more about the situation of African Americans. By the time Garvey arrived in America inWashington had died, but Garvey decided to travel around the country and observe African Americans and their struggle for equal rights.
What Garvey saw was a shifting population and a diminishing hope in Jim Crow's demise. African Americans were moving in large numbers out of the rural South and into the urban areas of both North and South.
As World War One came to an end, disillusionment was beginning to take hold. Not only was the optimism in the continuing improvement of humanity and society broken apart, but so was any hope on the part of African Americans that they would gain the rights enjoyed by every white American citizen.
African Americans had served in large numbers in the war, and many expected some kind of respect and acknowledgment that they too were equal citizens.
Washington's requirement for equality and freedom. Through dedicated service in the armed forces, they could prove their worth and show they deserved the same rights as whites. However, as black soldiers returned from the war, and more and more African Americans moved into the urban areas, racial tensions grew.
Between and race riots erupted in East St. Louis, Chicago, Tulsa, and other cities, demonstrating that whites did not intend to treat African Americans any differently than they had before the war. After surveying the racial situation in America, Garvey was convinced that integration would never happen and that only economic, political, and cultural success on the part of African Americans would bring about equality and respect.
With this goal he established the headquarters of the UNIA in New York in and began to spread a message of black nationalism and the eventual return to Africa of all people of African descent.
Garvey believed people of African descent could establish a great independent nation in their ancient homeland of Africa. He took the self-help message of Washington and adapted it to the situation he saw in America, taking a somewhat individualistic, integrationist philosophy and turning it into a more corporate, politically-minded, nation-building message.
In Garvey purchased an auditorium in Harlem and named it Liberty Hall.Mikayla Ferchaw Pd. 4/5 DBQ for Booker T.
Washington vs. W.E.B. Du Bois The Strategies of Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois: Uncovered The time period of to was a period in history when the people of the Black race were being granted a free status, but equality, on the other hand, was not an option to some higher white officials.
William Edward Burghardt Du Bois dit W. E.
B. Du Bois (23 février - 27 août ) est un sociologue, historien, militant pour les droits civiques, militant panafricain, éditorialiste et écrivain américain.Né dans l'ouest du Massachusetts, Du Bois a grandi dans une communauté tolérante sans connaître de véritables actes racistes.
Although Booker T. Washington's methods were appropriate in that past time, WEB Dubois had some good points that fit in more with modern society. Born a slave, Booker T. Washington was an educated man who gave his life to promote the education of blacks, and believed strongly that education was the first step to acceptance.3/5(7).
The Project Gutenberg EBook of Darkwater, by W. E. B. Du Bois This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. W. E. B. Du Bois' The Souls of Black Folk () is a seminal work in African American literature and an American classic. In this work Du Bois proposes that "the problem of the Twentieth Century is the problem of the color-line." His concepts of life behind the veil of race and the resulting "double-consciousness, this sense of always looking at one's .
The Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. DuBois Essay meant more to me than other assignments because it tested my abilities and strengthened my research skills. I had done research regarding racial equality prior to this assignment.